Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and Root Planing is a enhanced cleaning and removal of plaque and tartar that is more serious than a usual cleaning.

Gum disease is the inflammation or soreness of the gums (soft tissue) around your teeth. It is caused by bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that forms on your teeth. The plaque bacteria produce toxins that can lead to inflammation of the gums called gingivitis. This initial stage of gum disease is reversible. However, if you do not remove plaque by brushing and flossing your teeth, it can build up and infect your gums, teeth and the bone that supports them, leading to a more severe form of gum disease, periodontitis. If left untreated, periodontitis can result in the loss of bone and teeth.

The signs of gum disease are not always easy to see and can be painless. The earlier gum disease is caught, the easier it is to treat. That's why it's important to see your dentist regularly.

The first step is usually a thorough cleaning that may include Scaling to remove plaque and tartar deposits beneath the gum line. The tooth roots may also be planed to smooth the root surface allowing the gum tissue to heal and reattach to the tooth. Root Planing is the process that allows the gum tissue to regrow. In some cases the occlusion (bite) may require adjustment.